Abhinandan Mishra
Abhinandan's Blog

Follow

Abhinandan's Blog

Follow
All you need to know to start working with react

All you need to know to start working with react

This blog teaches you how to start creating react apps.

Abhinandan Mishra's photo
Abhinandan Mishra
·Jan 25, 2023·

3 min read

Requirements:

  • Beginner with basic knowledge of HTML, CSS, js and using terminal.

  • Node.js should be installed in your system - Install

  • A code editor for writing codes. ( I prefer VScode)

Create a react app:

  • Create a folder - start-react

  • Go to folder location in terminal using - cd start-react

  • Run command npx create-react-app . , this command initializes the current folder as a react app.

Folder Structure:

FolderStructure

  • node_modules is a folder that contains all the packages and their respective dependencies that are required or used in the project.

  • Dependencies are external libraries or modules that have been used or are needed to run the react application.

    • package.json has a list of all the dependencies used in the project.

    • package.lock.json contains information on specific versions of those dependencies.

  • public folder contains some files of which index.html is the most important file and it has only one div present in its body with id = "root" . This div is the main container where all react code will be rendered.

  • src the folder is the most important folder which you will deal with most of the time.

    • It has three main files index.js , index.css and App.js . All files other than this can be deleted and we can create project-related files when needed.

    • index.js the file is the root file that connects our react codes to the index.html present in public folder using the div with id = "root" .

    • App.js is nothing but the main or first component of the react app which is rendered.

    • This code of index.js will make it more understandable to you.

        import React from 'react';
        import ReactDOM from 'react-dom/client';
        import './index.css';
        import App from './App';
      
        const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('root'));
        // this root refers to the div in the index.html of public folder
      
        root.render(
          <React.StrictMode>
            <App />
          </React.StrictMode>
        );
      
        // render is a method in React which renders the react components
      
    • Do this to your src folder:

      • Remove all the files inside src folder except index.js , App.js and index.css .

      • Update the index.js as follows

          import React from 'react';
          import ReactDOM from 'react-dom/client';
          import './index.css';
          import App from './App';
        
          const root = ReactDOM.createRoot(document.getElementById('root'));
          root.render(
            <React.StrictMode>
              <App />
            </React.StrictMode>
          );
        
      • Update the App.js as follows

          import React from 'react';
        
          const App = () => {
            return (
              <div>
              Hello Learners!
              </div>
            )
          }
        
          export default App
        
  • Now open the terminal, go to the location of start-react directory the location in which node_modules is present and run npm start .

  • This will open a page on your default browser.

  • Great! Now you're set up to work on react and you have created your react app.

What did we learn?

  • In this lesson, we learned how to set up our system to create a react app.

  • Then we understood what is the folder structure.

    • node_modules where all the codes for packages and dependencies are present.

    • package.json contains the list of dependencies whereas package.lock.json contains information about the versions of the dependencies used in the app.

    • public folder contains index.html which has one div with id = "root" where all the react code is rendered.

    • The most important folder is the src , has three main files index.js , index.css and App.js .

Next Lesson?

  • In the upcoming lessons I will teach you about how to write html in react, how to use javascript variables to change html easily, concept of props and more.

Till then, bye!

 
Share this